Alternative Medicine, Sleep

What is the the darkness hormone?

melatonin dosage

Did you know, melatonin is also known as the darkness hormone?

The reason is, this hormone requires darkness for its secretion and subdues its activity once in contact with light. Now, before discussing melatonin sleep aids and their utility, let’s quickly review what melatonin itself is.

Defining melatonin in brief!

Melatonin, a hormone secreted by the pineal gland, has a lot of functional roles in the human body. However, it is mostly associated with maintaining and regulating the body’s sleep cycle.

Humans have a ‘body-clock’ (also known as a master clock comprising 20,000 neurons) which is present in an area called Suprachiasmatic Nucleus (SCN) in the hypothalamus. Now, this SCN uses the cycle of day and night and passes the signal to the pineal gland. This, in turn, secretes melatonin which tempts a person to sleep.

However, with age, or in case of psychological imbalances like anxiety or depression, melatonin levels tend to drop. This causes insomnia which hampers day to day life. In such cases, doctors often prescribe melatonin supplements to aid sleep.

However, the question remains, how much dosage is safe? Or, what is the correct way for using melatonin supplements? Can everyone use Melatonin?  Let’s find out!

FAQs about melatonin dosage

What is the proper dose of melatonin?

Melatonin uk supplements generally come in doses of 1mg-10mg. But, initially, it is advised to start with a lower dose of 1mg for first-timers.

If symptoms of sleep disorders still prevail, you can take up a higher dosage. However, the 3mg dose of melatonin mostly is used as an anti-oxidant, and not a sleeping aid.

Note: Melatonin uk affects two persons differently; so, depending on your body’s capacity, take your dosage carefully. It is advisable to use melatonin as per your doctor’s prescription. Do not overdose as it can result in recurring headaches.

Can everyone use Melatonin sleep aids? How safe are they?

Melatonin use has been associated with myriad other benefits other than acting as a suitable sleeping aid. Overall, if consumed in the prescribed dosage, natural sleep aid melatonin has antioxidants which help in boosting the overall immunity of the human body.

Moreover, it can alleviate fibromyalgia, a disorder where a person suffers from unusual pains. Additionally, it cures bladder dysfunctions too.

Nevertheless, as mentioned above, different bodies react to melatonin differently. So, few  people may face the following issues:

  • Nausea
  • Lethargy during the day
  • Moody and increased temperamental tendencies
  • Hormone fluctuations
  • Nightmares
  • Migraines

Hence, in case of the symptoms mentioned above, consult your physician for an alternative option.

Further, people with the following conditions must refrain from using melatonin:

  • Diabetic patients should refrain from using melatonin sleeping aids as they are reported to increase blood sugar levels.
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding women should only use melatonin if prescribed by a doctor, as pregnancy causes hormonal changes which may react adversely with the use of melatonin.
  • Women showing peri-menopausal syndromes shouldn’t use these supplements as they tend to inhibit ovulation.
  • People under psychiatric medication must not consume melatonin as the drug can react negatively with these supplements.
  • People who suffer from auto-immune diseases should refrain from using melatonin as it acts as a stimulant and affects the body unfavorably.

A brief overview of Melatonin supplements availability

Melatonin can be bought over the counter in various parts of the United States.

Today, melatonin is sold in a synthetic form which is considered safe to consume.

It is both available in liquid and capsule form or transdermal patches.

Patients can avail melatonin as a prescription drug by the name of Circadin.

Now, if you’re to use melatonin, the best time to consume these supplements is at night, approx. 30 minutes before bed to obtain favorable results. However, make sure to consult with your doctor.

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